Basic concepts of Law. Sources of Law; interpretation of legal norms; legal rules and other rules of conduct. Methodology.
Types of constitutions; meanings of constitutions; constituting power and constitutional amendment; method and interpretation in constitutional law; enactment and judicial review of public acts (laws; decrees having the force of laws; parliamentary resolutions; regulations and by-laws); popular sovereignty and national sovereignty; mandates; unitary and federal states; regionalization; presidential and parliamentary government; semi-presidentialism.
Ottoman-Turkish constitutional developments; Preamble of the constitution; features of republic and irrevocable provisions; disclosure of political parties; principle of equality; restriction of fundamental rights and freedoms; legislation and deputies; executive (President and Council of Ministers) ; motion of censure, investigation and presidential renewal of elections; Constitutional Court and constitutional review.
Basic principles of civil Law. Laws regulating real persons and legal persons such as societies and foundations, protection of personality.
Engagement, marriage, the status of spouses within the family. Divorce, matrimonial property regimes. Rights of the children; the relation between the child and the parents. Adoption.
A brief introduction to the political structure of the Roman Empire; basics of Roman Law, its history and sources, along with Corpus Iuris Civilis. The influence of this legal branch on contemporary legal systems will be examined through comparative Law methods, and the foundation of current day Law of obligations and property in Roman Law.
Examination of fundamental issues of legal philosophy such as the concepts of Law and rights, the relationship between science and philosophy, the influence of ethics on Law, interpretation methods, the purpose of Law and the discussion of the idea of justice. Various movements such as the natural Law movement and legal positivism; postmodern legal movements.
Development of the various legal systems in the world; historical development of the Turkish legal system; the transition to the secular legal system following the adoption of Western European Laws after the foundation of the Republic, and historical changes in the legal field.
The various views on the sociological roots of Law with respect to modern science; the scope and the methodology of legal sociology; the evolution of the pure legal sociology concept; the influence of the sociological structure on Law, the views of famous thinkers such as Durkheim, Weber and Gurvitch, who are among the founders of the science of sociology, on Law.
The comprehension of the legal profession in all aspects; the birth and development of the legal profession comparatively as well as the position; the local and universal elements of the legal profession as well as the model rules and associations that stipulate the framework of the profession.
Historical development of criminal Laws. Basic principles of criminal Law. Crime; material and moral elements of crime, the role of the intention; felonies and misdemeanors. Enforcement.
Different types of obligations and applicable general principles to them. Freedom of contract. The role of the free will, immorality. Fulfillment of obligations. Representation. Effect of obligations to third parties. Basic principles regulating contractual relations.
Obligations deriving from acts against Law. Basic conditions of tortuous liability (damage, causal relation) different types of tortuous liabilities. Unjust enrichment.
Sources of administrative Law. Turkish administrative system; autonomous administrative organizations. The function of the `administration?. Administrative acts; public property, expropriation. Public personnel. The role of the State in business life.
Judicial control of administration. Administrative disputes; administrative decisions. Jurisdiction of administrative courts and procedure.
Offences against life (intentional killing, reckless killing); offences against physical integrity (injury, trading of organs); offences against liberty (threat, blackmail, force); offences against property (theft, robbery, damage to property, abuse of trust, theft by deception, benefiting without payment).
The nature and basic characteristics of international law, sources of international law, the relationship between national and international law, the law of treaties, subjects/actors of international law, statehood and recognition, jurisdiction and sovereignty, state immunity, the individual and international law, minorities and the right to self-determination.
Diplomatic and consular relations, diplomatic and consular privileges and immunities, international organizations, the United Nations, state responsibility, settlement of international disputes, sanctions and countermeasures, the use of force, the international fight against terrorism, international humanitarian law, the law of the sea.
Detailed acquirements about the concept of possession, ownership of movable property, pledges, liens, pledges of debts and land registry.
The court structure; commencing civil actions in state courts; general principles of civil procedure; court system; status of judges.
Appellate review; the course of an appeal; scope of review; mechanics of appeal; re-opening of a case; res judicata; arbitration.
Basic institutions. Commercial enterprises and rules regulating them. Laws applicable to merchants. Negotiable instruments and recent developments.
Simple partnerships and other business associations, especially corporations and partnership with limited liability. Multinational corporations.
The court structure. Basic principles of criminal procedure. Commencement and conduct of criminal proceedings, public prosecutor and defence. Appeal.