Basic concepts of Law. Sources of Law; interpretation of legal norms; legal rules and other rules of conduct. Methodology.
Basic principles of civil Law. Laws regulating real persons and legal persons such as societies and foundations, protection of personality.
Examination of fundamental issues of legal philosophy such as the concepts of Law and rights, the relationship between science and philosophy, the influence of ethics on Law, interpretation methods, the purpose of Law and the discussion of the idea of justice. Various movements such as the natural Law movement and legal positivism; postmodern legal movements.
The comprehension of the legal profession in all aspects; the birth and development of the legal profession comparatively as well as the position; the local and universal elements of the legal profession as well as the model rules and associations that stipulate the framework of the profession.
Obligations deriving from acts against Law. Basic conditions of tortuous liability (damage, causal relation) different types of tortuous liabilities. Unjust enrichment.
Ottoman-Turkish constitutional developments; Preamble of the constitution; features of republic and irrevocable provisions; disclosure of political parties; principle of equality; restriction of fundamental rights and freedoms; legislation and deputies; executive (President and Council of Ministers) ; motion of censure, investigation and presidential renewal of elections; Constitutional Court and constitutional review.
A brief introduction to the political structure of the Roman Empire; basics of Roman Law, its history and sources, along with Corpus Iuris Civilis. The influence of this legal branch on contemporary legal systems will be examined through comparative Law methods, and the foundation of current day Law of obligations and property in Roman Law.
The various views on the sociological roots of Law with respect to modern science; the scope and the methodology of legal sociology; the evolution of the pure legal sociology concept; the influence of the sociological structure on Law, the views of famous thinkers such as Durkheim, Weber and Gurvitch, who are among the founders of the science of sociology, on Law.
Different types of obligations and applicable general principles to them. Freedom of contract. The role of the free will, immorality. Fulfillment of obligations. Representation. Effect of obligations to third parties. Basic principles regulating contractual relations.
Judicial control of administration. Administrative disputes; administrative decisions. Jurisdiction of administrative courts and procedure.
Types of constitutions; meanings of constitutions; constituting power and constitutional amendment; method and interpretation in constitutional law; enactment and judicial review of public acts (laws; decrees having the force of laws; parliamentary resolutions; regulations and by-laws); popular sovereignty and national sovereignty; mandates; unitary and federal states; regionalization; presidential and parliamentary government; semi-presidentialism.
Engagement, marriage, the status of spouses within the family. Divorce, matrimonial property regimes. Rights of the children; the relation between the child and the parents. Adoption.
Development of the various legal systems in the world; historical development of the Turkish legal system; the transition to the secular legal system following the adoption of Western European Laws after the foundation of the Republic, and historical changes in the legal field.
Historical development of criminal Laws. Basic principles of criminal Law. Crime; material and moral elements of crime, the role of the intention; felonies and misdemeanors. Enforcement.
Sources of administrative Law. Turkish administrative system; autonomous administrative organizations. The function of the `administration?. Administrative acts; public property, expropriation. Public personnel. The role of the State in business life.